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Comparison Fiskars X10-S 440 mm
1 kg
vs Fiskars X11 443 mm
1.1 kg


Classic types of axes include universal tools, as well as cleavers. In addition, more specific varieties are also produced: tourist and tactical models, tomahawks (essentially copies of battle axes), as well as cutting tools. Here is a more detailed description of each of these varieties:

- Universal. Traditional household axes. Quite varied in length and weight - from small hatchets, approaching tourist models, to long and heavy tools, which are only a little short of cleavers. However, all products of this type have two common features. Firstly, they are designed for standard tasks like cutting branches and trees. Secondly, even the most compact models are not designed to be carried with you all the time; A universal ax can be carried in a car, but for hiking it is better to choose a specialized hiking tool.

- Cleaver. Axes specially designed for chopping wood. They are distinguished by their large length and weight, as well as a fairly thick wedge-shaped blade. This design allows you to effectively cope even with thick logs, stumps, etc.; but for work that requires precision and accuracy, axes are not suitable.

- Tourist. Compact hatchets designed to be convenient to carry with you all the time, especially during hiking and cycling trips; Some models even...have the ability to attach to a belt. Due to their small size, travel tools are inferior to universal ones in terms of impact force and overall capabilities. Nevertheless, such an ax can easily cope with most tasks relevant to a tourist: preparing firewood for a fire, sharpening and hammering tent pegs, clearing a parking lot from bushes and small trees, etc. And compactness and portability for this application are key factors.

- Tactical. Axes (usually quite small) designed based on tools used in military and police special forces (and sometimes originally created for such use and only then released to the civilian market). We emphasize that despite their origin and “aggressive” appearance, such products are primarily household tools and do not belong to edged weapons. In addition to appearance, one of the characteristic features of tactical axes is their one-piece design: the ax and handle are made of one piece of metal, and the handle is complemented with polymer/rubber pads or wrapped with paracord for ease of holding. Tools of this type are often equipped with cases for ease of carrying (including, in some models, on the belt); Also quite a popular function is the pike (pecker).

- Tomahawk. Axes copied from Indian tomahawks. The specific degree of reliability may vary: some models are almost indistinguishable from historical prototypes, others are closer to tourist or even tactical products. However, modern tomahawks are generally considered to be replicas of battle axes; They are intended primarily for connoisseurs of historical instruments in a characteristic style. At the same time, the specific dimensions, purpose and capabilities of the “tomahawk” may be different: some of them are quite suitable for “household use”, others will be useful when going out into nature or on a hike, etc. There are also more specific options - for example, axes, specially created for throwing competitions.

- Cutting. A rather rare variety is axes for chopping large pieces of meat, including whole carcasses. They differ from kitchen cleavers in both their larger size and shape: a chopping ax has a rounded blade of quite long length and weight. It is convenient to use such a tool to deliver powerful blows during the initial cutting of meat, but it is easier to disassemble the resulting pieces into smaller portions with a cleaver or other relatively small device.

Total length

Length is one of the main parameters that determine the specialization of the tool. A large length is typical for models designed for rough work in large volumes, where significant effort is required — for example, in cleavers (see "Type"), this indicator can reach a metre. Small tools, in turn, are intended either for precision carpentry or for tourist use, where the tool has to be carried around and its compactness is no less important than functionality.

The smallest modern hatchets have a length of about 200 mm, often they are multifunctional tools with wrenches, sling cutters and other special devices made in the form of curly slots. The length of a tourist tool is usually about 300 mm, universal carpentry axes are about 500 – 600 mm, and most cleavers have a length of 600 mm or more.

It is worth considering that in this paragraph the length of the handle itself may also come across, when the manufacturer himself does not give clear explanations of exactly what length is indicated in the specifications. However, this value often differs by only a few cm.

Axe weight

The total weight of the ax, for models with wooden handles — with a complete handle.

The optimal weight depends on the type (see above) and specialization of the tool. So, general purpose axes (carpentry) weigh about 0.8 – 1.5 kg; such products are able to provide sufficient inertia for impact and at the same time do not require significant effort. At the same time, lighter tools are intended for precise work, heavier ones for rough work. Cleavers and similar "generalists" are by definition massive, most often from 2 kg or more, and in the most "large-caliber" models, the weight can be about 4.5 – 5 kg. Here it is worth proceeding from the thickness and hardness of the wood that is planned to be chopped: a heavy cleaver can easily cope even with large logs, however, it will take a lot of effort for such work. In tourist axes and tomahawks, in turn, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of transportation: for constant carrying with you, it is better to take a lighter tool, and if the tool is bought for trips to nature by car, you can choose a heavier model.
Price graph
Fiskars X10-S often compared
Fiskars X11 often compared